Wednesday, June 12, 2013

FAQ BOIKOT UPACARA ANGKAT SUMPAH PARLIMEN [WAJIB BACA]

FAQ BOIKOT UPACARA ANGKAT SUMPAH PARLIMEN


1. Apakah tuntutan Suara Rakyat 505  kepada ahli-ahli Parlimen?

  Suara Rakyat 505 menuntut ahli-ahli parlimen Pakatan untuk boikot/tidak menghadiri upacara angkat sumpah di Parlimen pada 24th Jun 2013

 

2. Kenapa?

Pertama sekali, ia selari dengan kenyataan PR. Pakatan Rakyat telah menyebut sebelum ini tidak mengiktiraf keputusan PRU-13 yang lalu kerana berlaku banyak penipuan. Dalam masa yang sama, lebih dari 35 kerusi yang telah dipetisyenkan . BERSIH juga  tidak mengiktiraf Barisan Nasional sebagai kerajaan

 

Kedua, untuk menarik perhatian media antarabangsa terhadap Malaysia. Ucapara angkat sumpah selalu diberi perhatian meluas oleh media antarabangsa. Kita memerlukan liputan media ini untuk melawan arus media yang bias dan mengingatkan rakyat tentang penipuan pilihanraya.


Juga boleh baca kenyataan ini: PENJELASAN : DESAKAN BOIKOT MAJLIS ANGKAT SUMPAH

 

3. Adakah MP yang memboikot upacara angkat sumpah akan hilang jawatan mereka sebagai wakil rakyat?

Tidak. Sememangnya tidak. Artikel 59 Klausa 2 , Perlembagaan Persekutuan menyatakan bahawa , ahli-ahli parlimen mempunyai masa sehingga 6 bulan untuk mengangkat sumpah sebelum kerusinya diisyhtiharkan kosong.

 

Parlimen "Standing Order" juga menuntut Speaker untuk membantu MP mengangkat sumpah secepat mungkin jika mereka tidak menghadiri sesi pertama. Asasnya, jika mereka tidak hadir pada hari tersebut, hari seterusnya mereka masih boleh dibantu Speaker untuk mengangkat sumpah

 

Pada 11 June 2013, Naib Presiden PKR Surendran pernah menjelaskan perkara ini:

http://www.themalaysianinsider.com/malaysia/article/pkr-pandikars-threat-unlawful-exposes-blatant-bias/

 

4. Apakah yang akan terjadi kepada MP PR yang menyertai boikot? 

Mereka akan terlepas dalam memilih Speaker Dewan.Untuk melantik Speaker Dewan hanya memerlukan majoriti mudah dan ini bermakna walau kesemua MP PR hadir sekalipun, BN yang mempunyai majoriti mudah boleh saja terus melantik sesiapa yang mereka mahu.

 

5. Tidakkah BN akan mencuba meluluskan apa-apa sahaja undang-undang dengan ketiadaan MP PR? 

Ada sesetengah undang-undang yang hanya memerlukan majoriti mudah untuk diluluskan, dan ada yang memerlukan majoriti ⅔  untuk diluluskan.

 

Untuk undang-undang dengan majoriti mudah,MP BN boleh meluluskannya tanpa kehadiran MP Pakatan. Untuk undang-undang dengan majoriti ⅔ , BN tidak boleh meluluskannya dengan ketiadaan MP Pakatan Rakyat.

 

Dalam mana-mana situasi, undang-undang baru memerlukan masa berminggu-minggu untuk dibawa ke Parlimen dan didebatkan,dirangka-semula, didebatkan lagi kemudian barulah ia diluluskan.Maka , mustahil bagi Parlimen untuk meluluskan undang-undang dalam masa 24jam. Jadi perkara ini tidak harus dirisaukan.

 

6. Pernahkah ia dibuat sebelum ini?

Ya,perkara ini adalah tindakan wajar yang biasa dilakukan dimana keputusan pilihanraya tidak diterima sebagai sah.

 

Sebagai contoh, pada tahun 2008, MP Mongolia memboikotsesi pertama Parlimen kerana mereka menganggap pilihanraya dipenuhi banyak penipuan. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/7521975.stm

Pada tahun 2011, ahli-ahli pembangkang Turkey juga boikot upacara angkat sumpah di Parlimen untuk menunjukkan protes terhadap beberapa MP yang dipenjara oleh Erdogan, yang kini berdepan dengan protes besar-besaran.

http://www.euronews.com/2011/06/28/turkish-mps-boycott-swearing-in-of-parliament/

 

Ada banyak lagi contoh seperti dibawah :

Sudan:http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article46251http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article46251

Ghana: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-20929592

Fiji: http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/international/2006-05-23/fiji-labour-party-boycotts-cabinet-swearing-in/743768

India: http://zeenews.india.com/news/west-bengal/13-parliamentary-secretaries-sworn-in-amid-opposition-boycott_824873.html

 

7.Dan dalam negara-negara ini, MP tidak kehilangan kerusi mereka? 

 Tidak. Sememangnya tidak.Inilah demokrasi. MP berhak untuk memboikot angkat sumpah kerana ini kebebasan meluahkan pendirian mereka.Ia sama seperti rakyat biasa yang memboikot sebarang acara/surat khabar kerana tidak berpuas hati dengannya. Mereka tidak kehilangan kerusi, malah mendapat liputan media secara meluas dlm masa yang sama menidakkan tuntutan kerajaan.

 

 

FAQ ON PARLIAMENT  SWEARING IN CEREMONY BOYCOTT

1. What is Suara Rakyat 505 asking Pakatan MPs to do?

Suara Rakyat 505 is asking Pakatan MPs to boycott/ not attend the swearing in ceremony of Parliament on 24th June 2013.

 

2. Why?

Firstly, it is consistent with PR's statements. Pakatan Rakyat has stated it does not recognise election results due to massive fraud. At the same time, more than 35 seats are being disputed in election petitions. BERSIH has also not recognised Barisan Nasional as the government.

 

Secondly, it is so that the international media can focus on Malaysia. The swearing in ceremony is always covered widely by the international media. We need this media coverage to counter the biased mass media coverage and remind people of the fraudulent elections.

 

3. Will the MPs who boycott the swearing in lose their seats?

NO. Absolutely not. Article 59 Clause 2 in the Federal Constitution states that there is a 6 month period for a MP to be sworn in before his seat is declared vacant.

 

Parliament Standing Orders also compel the Speaker to help MPs be sworn in as soon as possible should they miss the main ceremony. Basically, they miss one day, and the next time they show up the Speaker will help them to be sworn in.

 

On 11 June 2013, PKR Vice President Surendran clarified the matter:http://www.themalaysianinsider.com/malaysia/article/pkr-pandikars-threat-unlawful-exposes-blatant-bias

 

4. What will the PR MPs who boycott miss?

They will miss the choosing of the Speaker of the House. However, to choose the Speaker of the House only needs a simple majority, so even if all PR MPs were present, BN who has a simple majority can just go ahead and choose whoever they want anyway.

 

5. Won't BN try to pass all sorts of laws with Pakatan Rakyat MPs absent?

Well, there are certain laws that require a simple majority, while others require a two-thirds majority to pass. This majority is out of the whole parliament.

 

For the laws with a simple majority, BN MPs can pass them anyway, even with Pakatan MPs. For laws with two-thirds majority, BN cannot pass them without Pakatan MPs being present.

 

In any case, new laws take weeks to be brought to Parliament, debated, redrafted, debated and then passed. It is impossible to pass a law from start to finish within a few hours/ one day, so this should not be a concern.

 

6. Has this kind of action been done before?

Yes, in fact this kind of action is standard practice in situations where election results are highly disputed.

 

For example, in 2008 Mongolian MPs boycotted the first session of Parliament because they said the elections were full of fraud. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/7521975.stm

 

In 2011, Turkish opposition members also boycotted the swearing in ceremony of Parliament to protest against certain MPs being jailed by Erdogan, who is now facing massive protests.

http://www.euronews.com/2011/06/28/turkish-mps-boycott-swearing-in-of-parliament/

 

There are a lot more examples, here are a few of them:

Sudan: http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article46251 

Ghana: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-20929592

Fiji: http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/international/2006-05-23/fiji-labour-party-boycotts-cabinet-swearing-in/743768

India: http://zeenews.india.com/news/west-bengal/13-parliamentary-secretaries-sworn-in-amid-opposition-boycott_824873.html

 

7. And in these other countries, the MPs didn't lose their seats or anything?

No, they did not. That is what democracy is about: an MP has a right to boycott the swearing in as part of his freedom of expression. Just like how ordinary citizen have the right to boycott events/ newspapers etc to show his dissatisfaction. They did not lose their seats but gained worldwide media attention, while not bowing down to demands of the government.


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